George Washington: The Founding Father Who Shaped America's Destiny - Sejarah Kita English

George Washington: The Founding Father Who Shaped America's Destiny

Biography of George Washington /

George Washington, renowned as the inaugural president of the United States, held significant prominence in America's struggle for independence from Britain. Furthermore, his pivotal contribution to the United States' declaration of independence solidified his position as a crucial figure in history. 

As a result, Washington enjoys widespread fame and immense respect throughout the United States. In this profile and biography, we delve into the life and accomplishments of George Washington.

George Washington Bio

Name: George Washington

Born: Virginia, United States, February 22, 1732

Died: Virginia, United States, December 14, 1799

Parents: Augustine Washington (father), Mary Ball Washington (mother)

Wife: Martha Dandridge Custis

Child: -

Known:  United States Independence Figure, First President of the United States.

Biography of George Washington

Born on February 22, 1732, and passing away on December 14, 1799, George Washington faced early adversity when his father passed away when he was just 11 years old. To support himself, Washington took up work as a surveyor. 

At the age of 21, he embarked on a military career, joining the army and receiving a promotion to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel under the Governor of Virginia. In 1759, he married Martha Dandridge Custis Washington. Alongside managing his extensive plantations in Virginia, he also served as a member of the Virginia House of Representatives. However, his life took a significant turn when the American Revolution erupted.

Freemansory Members

There are assertions that George Washington was affiliated with the clandestine organization known as Freemasonry. At the age of 33, Washington made the decision to align himself with the rebellious people of Virginia who were opposing the unjust laws imposed by the British. 

He assumed leadership of the Virginia army, and in 1775, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief by the Continental Congress, representing the 13 American colonies within the British Empire.

Subsequently, in 1776, the American Revolution for independence erupted, prompting the Continental Congress to proclaim the Declaration of Independence, marking the formal secession of the colonies from the British Empire.

Leading the American Independence Revolution

George Washington's leadership played a pivotal role in the triumph of the American colonies' fight for independence. 

As a result, in 1783, Britain officially acknowledged the sovereignty of the United States, leading to Washington's honorable discharge from the military. Four years later, in 1787, he assumed the role of Chairman during the Constitutional Convention.

First President of the United States

Following the ratification of the Constitution in 1789, George Washington was unanimously chosen as the inaugural President of the United States. He served two terms in office, from 1789 to 1797, with John Adams serving as his Vice President.

In his farewell address in 1797, Washington delivered a notable speech in which he urged the American people to refrain from excessive political party divisions and regional loyalties. He emphasized the importance of unity and warned against the potential dangers they could pose to the young nation.


In 1799, at the age of 67, George Washington passed away at Mount Vernon, his residence, three years after leaving the presidency. Despite not having any biological children, he did have an adopted son.

Due to his immense contributions to the United States' struggle for independence from Britain, the American government chose to honor his legacy by naming the capital of the United States after him. Thus, Washington, D.C. became the official name of the nation's capital, serving as a lasting tribute to his pivotal role in shaping the country.

America under George Washington

Washington implemented the Neutral Proclamation, cautioning Americans to avoid taking sides in the wars between France and Britain. However, the Barbary nations started targeting American ships, leading to increased tensions. 

In response, the United States enacted the Neutrality Act, which prohibited American citizens from serving on foreign war vessels. These actions resulted in the Whiskey Rebellion, a protest led by farmers against the imposition of a whiskey tax. The rebellion was eventually suppressed by the state armies of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Massachusetts.

In 1796, George Washington delivered a farewell speech in which he urged the nation to steer clear of entangling alliances and interference in foreign conflicts. Following his departure, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson were elected as the next President and Vice President of the United States, respectively.

Video Biography of George Washington

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